Movies Written by a Collaborative Team of Three or More Screenwriters
This is a research list of movies listed by year and title having credits indicating that three or more screenwriters worked on the script as a single writing team ("Written by A & B & C"), possibly with additionally credited writers having worked on it prior or later. It does not include movies with the more commonplace two-writer team ("Written by A & B") unless such a title also had a three-writer team or more. This list is provided as a free research service to the film community by writer James A. Conrad, coauthor of Filmmaker's Dictionary.
According to the Writers Guild of America's rules (United States), the writers' names in a writing team are separated by an ampersand "&" or in some instances open space if there are many writers in the team. If the producer decides to hire another writer or writing team to work on the script, the word "and" is placed between the two distinct writing entities.
"Screenplay by" is used if the script is based on other material, such as an already existing story (a film treatment, a novel, life story, etc.); otherwise, "Written by" is used. These rules may not necessarily apply to early films and films produced outside the United States, unless the foreign producer is a signatory to the Writers Guild of America's Agreement.
Writing teams of four or more writers require a team waiver if any of them is a member of the Writers Guild of America West or East. The writer-member(s) submit the waiver request to the Guild (see link for more info).
All credits were checked at the websites of the Internet Movie Database and Academy Awards prior to placement on this list. Additions and updates welcome.
What this list list is about:
"Written by A & B & C"
"by A & B & C & D"
"by A and B & C & D"
"by A & B & C and D & E" (etc.)
What this list is not about:
"Written by A and B and C"
"by A & B and C"
"by A & B and C & D" (etc.)
Red Color = Oscar® winning and nominated films (in any award category).
The number after the dash indicates the amount of writers in the team.
How to cite this page:
Conrad, James A. 2014. Movies Written by a Collaborative Team of Three or More Screenwriters. Available online at jamesaconrad.com/writing/multi-screenwriting-teams.html; accessed [month] [day], [year].